Doberman Vs. Rottweiler Differences And Similarities

Doberman Vs. Rottweiler Differences And Similarities

The Rottweiler and Doberman are large dog breeds. They originated from Germany. The Rottweiler and Doberman are significant to the family. They function as pets. They are also obedient. Besides this quality, both are wary of strangers. So, they make good guard dogs.

Doberman vs. Rottweiler: What are their similarities and differences?

Dobermans and Rottweilers function differently. Also, people raise these two for different uses. One is suitable as a working dog. The other needs more exercise and activity. Read on to find out the similarities and differences between these two breeds.


A tax Collector groomed the Doberman. Louis Doberman raised this breed in Germany. During the nineteenth century, some parts of Germany were unsecured. The insecurity was as a result of the civil war.

Residents were unfriendly towards this tax man. Louis had immense experience in dog breeding. So, he worked at raising a large dog. The dog will then protect him. While working, the dog would also accompany him. He reasoned that this act was necessary during a hostile period.

Doberman had to work with two dog breeds. He took the Black and Tan Terrier and the Rottweiler. He also worked on the smooth-haired German Pinscher and old short-haired Shepherd. The result was the Doberman of today.

In the 1900s, the Doberman officially came into limelight. It was a working-class dog breed. So, people compared it to the German shepherd. Among the most popular working dogs, the Doberman is renowned.

The military use the Doberman. Besides, it features in rendering protective services. The Doberman is as well involved in therapy. Also, it offers assistance due to its outstanding qualities. Dobermans are a caring and loyal set of canines. Presently, there are diverse mixes of Doberman breeds.

Dobermans appear differently from Rottweilers. It is worthy to note that Dobermans originated from Rottweilers. The two breeds have the same DNA. They are both working dogs. Also, they are quite impressive in their protective tendencies. They are also outstanding as guard dogs.

However, their history differs. The Rottweiler Rottweilers are one of the oldest dog breeds. The

Rottweiler is a descendant of Mastiffs. People traced their existence to the Roman Empire era. Soldiers needed the use of animals during the Roman invasion.

Rottweilers helped in herding cattle during this period. Also, these animals gave protection. The Rottweiler protected people from armed bandits. The animals also secured soldiers against wild animals. These traits of Rottweilers impressed the people.

As a result, butchers from Rottweiler traveled with these dogs. Rottweilers guard the butchers’ income. Butchers hung purses on the dogs’ necks. Rottweilers got their name through this act.

They were named Rottweiler Metzgerhund. When translated in English, the name means Rottweil Butcher Dog.

The name, Rottweiler came from the dog’s protective nature. So, Rottweilers did not earn their name for being ferocious or killer dogs. Later, Rottweillers assisted police work. They also offered other protective services. Besides, the dogs helped to move large objects. Power stations and farm owners got help from Rottweillers.

In the past, the Rottweiller performed diverse roles. The dog’s personality is no longer the same. Presently, it is considered a great family pet.


The Doberman is a bit taller than the Rottweiler. Also, it looks thinner in comparison. Dobermans grow up to about 28 inches. The Rottweiller looks stockier. Also, it is about 27 inches tall.

Rottweillers are heavier. They weigh up to 135 pounds. Dobermans are lighter in comparison. The Dobberman weighs about 100 pounds. Both dog breeds usually sport two colors. The colors are rust and black. These colors occur in many patches over their bodies.

Black is the predominant color on Rottweilers. Dobermans sport other colors like red, fawn and blue. In rare cases, we have the white Doberman. The white Doberman is an Albino dog. The white coloring is due to gene mutations.

The white is not a color in itself. In both breeds, the rust occurs above the eyebrows. The rust color also appears on the legs, snout, and chest. Both kinds come in a short coat. However, Dobermans sport a smoother coat.

Their ears also show differences. Rottweillers have drooping ears. Also, their ears are more prominent. Dobermans’ ears are pointier. Besides, they have thinner ears. The Doberman’s ears stand up. The dog’s ear stands due to the practice of ear cropping.


Rottweilers and Dobermans have similar working backgrounds. Both work as guards and protect individuals. These two breeds often patrol their premises. They protect their family. Also, they tend to anticipate danger or threats.

These two dog breeds need to be properly socialized. They need socializing because of their guarding instincts. Socialization should occur when they are still pups. They will not become too aggressive if adequately carried out.

The public perceives these two breeds as being aggressive. People tend to see them as mean and fierce dogs. This representation is untrue about these dogs. Rottweilers and Dobermans are loving creatures. Besides, they are brilliant.

The reputation of these two stems from their background. People raised them as protectors. Back then, they protected owners from robbers. Also, they were of good use in the military. A Doberman loves its family.

On the other hand, Rottweilers are more independent. Rottweilers show some level of aloofness when around their family. This disparity is probably the most significant among these two.

Dobermans enjoys cuddling after his daily patrol. They crave more companionship. Dobermans can suffer from anxieties due to separation. Owners need to take this into account. So, you may need to bring your Doberman along when going out. Both breeds are highly intelligent.

Dobermans maintain a high level of protectiveness. Also, they can behave in an intimidating manner. Dobermans can be intimidating when they feel threatened.


Both the Doberman and Rottweiler need much exercise. They require significant training because they are working dogs. Enough exercise makes them remain healthy. Exercising is also a form of entertainment for them. Both need about an hour of exercise time daily.

Dobermans are more vibrant. Also, they are smarter compared to the Rottweiler. So, Dobermans crave more mental stimulation. Activities that would help include agility programs and tug-of-war. Owners can also engage them using puzzle toys with stuffed treats.

Both breeds have a profoundly destructive nature. Their destructiveness rises to the fore when they are left alone. They can wreak much damage due to their size. So, owners should engage them in daily exercise.

Also, never leave them to their own devices. You may end up with weekly repair bills.


Dobermans and Rottweilers love working. Also, they like to make use of their intelligence. The two dog breeds are willing to please their masters. This trait makes its training easy. The two will do well in obedience training too.

However, trainers need to maintain the lead role. Else, these animals will take over the activity.

Early socialization is essential. It helps in getting the best out of these two. Through socialization, the dogs become comfortable in different environments. Besides, they will become confident wherever they are.

It is best to train these canines using positive reinforcements. Also, training must focus on positivity. Trainers should not work on the negative aspect. Positive training will prevent adverse reactions from the dog. It will also prevent aggressiveness.


The Rottweiler and Doberman are both healthy dogs. However, they are prone to some ailments.

Due to their size, they may suffer Elbow and Hip Dysplasia. Elbow and Hip Dysplasia is an abnormal growth in the elbow and hips. This condition occurs over time. It can lead to painful arthritis in the joints.

Both can also suffer from Gastric Torsion. Gastric Torsion occurs when the dog eats a large meal in a day. Sometimes, it happens when he feeds immediately after exercising. In this kind of situation, the stomach twists. A twist in the stomach is occasionally life-threatening.

Besides, the Doberman may suffer from Von Willebrand’s disease. Von Willebrand’s disease occurs as a result of blood platelet deficiency. As a result, it becomes impossible for blood to clot. This condition is also severe. The dog may lose a lot of blood due to injuries.

Rottweilers are prone to Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Dilated Cardiomyopathy causes dysfunction in the heart. It occurs when the heart walls become thin. Thinning of the heart walls may lead to heart failure.

Both breeds do not enjoy a long life span. Dobermans usually have a longer life span than Rottweilers. However, both breeds’ life expectancy is lower than the average pooch’s. A regular check-up at the veterinarians’ is needful. Also, owners should keep a consistent schedule of vaccination.

Dobermans usually live between 10 to 12 years. The Rottweiler’s life span is about 9 to 10 years. Besides all these, owners can research each breed’s diseases. Doing this makes you aware of their health needs. Also, you gain knowledge about their disease symptoms.

Reputable breeders can provide health certificates to a dog’s parents. The health certificate shows clearance of the animal’s health conditions.


Daily, a Doberman needs about four cups of food. The Rottweiler requires the same amount too. However, the Rottweiler tends to gain more weight. Also, Rottweilers are more susceptible to obesity. Owners need to watch out for this.


Rottweilers and Dobermans are moderate shredders. They have short coats. So, they do not need much grooming. You can brush them once or twice per week. Weekly brushing keeps their skin healthy. Also, their coats become shiny. Besides, regular brushing rids them of dead skin or hair.


The Doberman and Rottweilers are similar dog breeds. Both are excellent guard gods. The Doberman originated from the Rottweiler. So, they share similar characteristics. The most significant difference between the two lies in their size. Dobermans are more athletic and slender. However, Rottweilers are a stockier breed. They are about 35 pounds heavier than the Doberman.

Dobermans are smarter and more agile. So, they need more exercise. Rottweilers do not enjoy staying at home for long periods. Both have similar health conditions. However, the Doberman’s life expectancy is slightly higher. Both are friendly and loyal dogs. They protect your family for years.

About David Huner

David Huner is a dog lover. Dog training has become a passion for him. With many years of experience he is here to share his tips and ideas. His goal is to provide exact dog training solutions. His favorite quote is "Train your dogs, enjoy your life and be happy"

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